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Count Dohna and His SeaGull ©

The Peace Treaty of Versailles

The Versailles Treaty was an agreement at the end of the war where the British Empire, France, Italy, Japan and the United States formalized Germany’s consequences for the war. German representatives signed the agreement on June 28, 1919.
In Article 187, SeaGull is specificaly named. The article requires she be disarmed and treated as a merchant Vessel. SeaGull and her sister ship Pionier were passed to the British Shipping Controller as war reparations.
Other Central Power nations signed peace settlements following the war. Austria-Hungary signed two peace treaties as the empire was shortly to be divided. Austria signed the Treaty of Saint Germain and Hungary signed the Treaty of Trianon. Bulgaria signed the Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine. The Turkish Empire signed the Treaty of Sevres.
On March 3, 1918, Russia signed a peace settlement with the Central Powers, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. By doing so Russia was not a principle of the Versailles Treaty.
The United States did not ratify the Versailles Treaty. A separate treaty was signed between the United States and Germany on August 25, 1921. This agreement provided the United States with all the privileges and benefits of the Peace Treaty of Versailles without membership in the League of Nations.
One of the participants at Versailles remarked that the treaty wasn't a peace treaty but merely a twenty-year cease-fire.

British Shipping Controller
War Reparations


Brest-Litovsk Treaty Complete text of the treaty.
Neuilly-sur-Seine Treaty Complete text of the treaty.
Saint Germain Treaty Complete text of the treaty.
Sevres Treaty Complete text of the treaty.
Trianon Treaty Complete text of the treaty.
Versailles Treaty Complete text of the treaty.

THE GUNS OF AUGUST, by Barbara W. Tuchman.
Last Revision: March 4, 2007.
© Copyright, 2007.
All Rights Reserved. All Content Protected.